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// Copyright 2020 The Pigweed Authors
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not
// use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of
// the License at
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
// WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
// License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under
// the License.
// CRC-32 (CRC32) implementation with initial value 0xFFFFFFFF. This provides C
// functions and a C++ class. Use of the C API is discouraged; use the Crc32
// class whevener possible.
#pragma once
#include <stddef.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif // __cplusplus
// Value of an empty CRC32. May be serve as the starting CRC32 value for
// pw_checksum_Crc32Append.
// The initial state for internal CRC32 calculations. Do not use this value
// directly.
// Internal implementation function for CRC32. Do not call it directly.
uint32_t _pw_checksum_InternalCrc32(const void* data,
size_t size_bytes,
uint32_t state);
// Calculates the CRC32 for the provided data.
static inline uint32_t pw_checksum_Crc32(const void* data, size_t size_bytes) {
return ~_pw_checksum_InternalCrc32(
data, size_bytes, _PW_CHECKSUM_CRC32_INITIAL_STATE);
// Updates an existing CRC value. The previous_result must have been returned
// from a previous CRC32 call.
static inline uint32_t pw_checksum_Crc32Append(const void* data,
size_t size_bytes,
uint32_t previous_result) {
// CRC32 values are finalized by inverting the bits. The finalization step
// must be undone before appending to a prior CRC32 value, then redone so this
// function returns a usable value after each call.
return ~_pw_checksum_InternalCrc32(data, size_bytes, ~previous_result);
#ifdef __cplusplus
} // extern "C"
#include <span>
namespace pw::checksum {
// Calculates the CRC32 for all data passed to Update.
// This class is more efficient than the CRC32 C functions since it doesn't
// finalize the value each time it is appended to.
class Crc32 {
// Calculates the CRC32 for the provided data and returns it as a uint32_t.
// To update a CRC in multiple pieces, use an instance of the Crc32 class.
static uint32_t Calculate(std::span<const std::byte> data) {
return pw_checksum_Crc32(, data.size_bytes());
constexpr Crc32() : state_(kInitialValue) {}
void Update(std::span<const std::byte> data) {
state_ = _pw_checksum_InternalCrc32(, data.size(), state_);
void Update(std::byte data) { Update(std::span(&data, 1)); }
// Returns the value of the CRC32 for all data passed to Update.
uint32_t value() const { return ~state_; }
// Resets the CRC to the initial value.
void clear() { state_ = kInitialValue; }
static constexpr uint32_t kInitialValue = _PW_CHECKSUM_CRC32_INITIAL_STATE;
uint32_t state_;
} // namespace pw::checksum
#endif // __cplusplus