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// Copyright 2020 The Pigweed Authors
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not
// use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of
// the License at
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
// WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
// License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under
// the License.
#pragma once
#include <cinttypes>
#include <cstddef>
#include "pw_bytes/span.h"
#include "pw_status/status.h"
namespace pw::i2c {
typedef uint16_t I2cAddress;
// The I2cBus virtual interface for the master/controller mode that
// represents a single bus. This class should be inherited by the platform
// and provide an implementation to the methods included.
class I2cBus {
virtual ~I2cBus() = default;
virtual pw::Status Enable() = 0;
virtual pw::Status Disable() = 0;
// Write bytes in tx_buffer to the I2C bus, the read rx_buffer.size() bytes
// from the bus. Only write if rx_buffer is empty; only read if tx_buffer
// is empty
// Effect on the wire of this API:
// 1) Generate start condition
// If tx_buffer non-empty:
// 2) output the address with R/W bit 0, must be ack'd
// 3) the write data where each byte must be ack'd
// If rx_buffer non-empty:
// 4) output the address with R/W bit 1, must be ack'd
// 5) device is expected to send the entire rx buffer's worth of bytes
// where the master/controller must ack each and nack the last
// 6) Generate Stop condition
// TODO: A timeout or a deadline should be added to the API later
virtual pw::Status WriteRead(I2cAddress address,
ConstByteSpan tx_buffer,
ByteSpan rx_buffer) = 0;
pw::Status Write(I2cAddress address, ConstByteSpan tx_buffer) {
ByteSpan empty_span{};
return WriteRead(address, tx_buffer, empty_span);
pw::Status Read(I2cAddress address, ByteSpan rx_buffer) {
ByteSpan empty_span{};
return WriteRead(address, empty_span, rx_buffer);
} // namespace pw::i2c