blob: 891368322f4ab58f086fc92ba21781244a0ea147 [file] [log] [blame]
/* pb_encode.h: Functions to encode protocol buffers. Depends on pb_encode.c.
* The main function is pb_encode. You also need an output stream, and the
* field descriptions created by
#include "pb.h"
#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
/* Structure for defining custom output streams. You will need to provide
* a callback function to write the bytes to your storage, which can be
* for example a file or a network socket.
* The callback must conform to these rules:
* 1) Return false on IO errors. This will cause encoding to abort.
* 2) You can use state to store your own data (e.g. buffer pointer).
* 3) pb_write will update bytes_written after your callback runs.
* 4) Substreams will modify max_size and bytes_written. Don't use them
* to calculate any pointers.
struct pb_ostream_s
/* Callback pointer is not used in buffer-only configuration.
* Having an int pointer here allows binary compatibility but
* gives an error if someone tries to assign callback function.
* Also, NULL pointer marks a 'sizing stream' that does not
* write anything.
const int *callback;
bool (*callback)(pb_ostream_t *stream, const pb_byte_t *buf, size_t count);
void *state; /* Free field for use by callback implementation. */
size_t max_size; /* Limit number of output bytes written (or use SIZE_MAX). */
size_t bytes_written; /* Number of bytes written so far. */
#ifndef PB_NO_ERRMSG
const char *errmsg;
* Main encoding functions *
/* Encode a single protocol buffers message from C structure into a stream.
* Returns true on success, false on any failure.
* The actual struct pointed to by src_struct must match the description in fields.
* All required fields in the struct are assumed to have been filled in.
* Example usage:
* MyMessage msg = {};
* uint8_t buffer[64];
* pb_ostream_t stream;
* msg.field1 = 42;
* stream = pb_ostream_from_buffer(buffer, sizeof(buffer));
* pb_encode(&stream, MyMessage_fields, &msg);
bool pb_encode(pb_ostream_t *stream, const pb_msgdesc_t *fields, const void *src_struct);
/* Extended version of pb_encode, with several options to control the
* encoding process:
* PB_ENCODE_DELIMITED: Prepend the length of message as a varint.
* Corresponds to writeDelimitedTo() in Google's
* protobuf API.
* PB_ENCODE_NULLTERMINATED: Append a null byte to the message for termination.
* NOTE: This behaviour is not supported in most other
* protobuf implementations, so PB_ENCODE_DELIMITED
* is a better option for compatibility.
bool pb_encode_ex(pb_ostream_t *stream, const pb_msgdesc_t *fields, const void *src_struct, unsigned int flags);
/* Defines for backwards compatibility with code written before nanopb-0.4.0 */
#define pb_encode_delimited(s,f,d) pb_encode_ex(s,f,d, PB_ENCODE_DELIMITED)
#define pb_encode_nullterminated(s,f,d) pb_encode_ex(s,f,d, PB_ENCODE_NULLTERMINATED)
/* Encode the message to get the size of the encoded data, but do not store
* the data. */
bool pb_get_encoded_size(size_t *size, const pb_msgdesc_t *fields, const void *src_struct);
* Functions for manipulating streams *
/* Create an output stream for writing into a memory buffer.
* The number of bytes written can be found in stream.bytes_written after
* encoding the message.
* Alternatively, you can use a custom stream that writes directly to e.g.
* a file or a network socket.
pb_ostream_t pb_ostream_from_buffer(pb_byte_t *buf, size_t bufsize);
/* Pseudo-stream for measuring the size of a message without actually storing
* the encoded data.
* Example usage:
* MyMessage msg = {};
* pb_ostream_t stream = PB_OSTREAM_SIZING;
* pb_encode(&stream, MyMessage_fields, &msg);
* printf("Message size is %d\n", stream.bytes_written);
#ifndef PB_NO_ERRMSG
#define PB_OSTREAM_SIZING {0,0,0,0,0}
#define PB_OSTREAM_SIZING {0,0,0,0}
/* Function to write into a pb_ostream_t stream. You can use this if you need
* to append or prepend some custom headers to the message.
bool pb_write(pb_ostream_t *stream, const pb_byte_t *buf, size_t count);
* Helper functions for writing field callbacks *
/* Encode field header based on type and field number defined in the field
* structure. Call this from the callback before writing out field contents. */
bool pb_encode_tag_for_field(pb_ostream_t *stream, const pb_field_iter_t *field);
/* Encode field header by manually specifying wire type. You need to use this
* if you want to write out packed arrays from a callback field. */
bool pb_encode_tag(pb_ostream_t *stream, pb_wire_type_t wiretype, uint32_t field_number);
/* Encode an integer in the varint format.
* This works for bool, enum, int32, int64, uint32 and uint64 field types. */
#ifndef PB_WITHOUT_64BIT
bool pb_encode_varint(pb_ostream_t *stream, uint64_t value);
bool pb_encode_varint(pb_ostream_t *stream, uint32_t value);
/* Encode an integer in the zig-zagged svarint format.
* This works for sint32 and sint64. */
#ifndef PB_WITHOUT_64BIT
bool pb_encode_svarint(pb_ostream_t *stream, int64_t value);
bool pb_encode_svarint(pb_ostream_t *stream, int32_t value);
/* Encode a string or bytes type field. For strings, pass strlen(s) as size. */
bool pb_encode_string(pb_ostream_t *stream, const pb_byte_t *buffer, size_t size);
/* Encode a fixed32, sfixed32 or float value.
* You need to pass a pointer to a 4-byte wide C variable. */
bool pb_encode_fixed32(pb_ostream_t *stream, const void *value);
#ifndef PB_WITHOUT_64BIT
/* Encode a fixed64, sfixed64 or double value.
* You need to pass a pointer to a 8-byte wide C variable. */
bool pb_encode_fixed64(pb_ostream_t *stream, const void *value);
/* Encode a float value so that it appears like a double in the encoded
* message. */
bool pb_encode_float_as_double(pb_ostream_t *stream, float value);
/* Encode a submessage field.
* You need to pass the pb_field_t array and pointer to struct, just like
* with pb_encode(). This internally encodes the submessage twice, first to
* calculate message size and then to actually write it out.
bool pb_encode_submessage(pb_ostream_t *stream, const pb_msgdesc_t *fields, const void *src_struct);
#ifdef __cplusplus
} /* extern "C" */