tree: 470b61bac5fd4368713236fd9355f26f7b4698da [path history] [tgz]
  1. include/
  2. main/
  3. third_party/
  4. .gn
  5. args.gni

CHIP K32W061 Contact Sensor Example Application

The Project CHIP K32W061 Contact Sensor Example uses buttons to test changing the lock and device states and LEDs to show the state of these changes. You can use this example as a reference for creating your own application.

The example is based on Project CHIP and the NXP K32W SDK, and a simulated contact sensor over a low-power, 802.15.4 Thread network.

The example behaves as a Project CHIP accessory, that is a device that can be paired into an existing Project CHIP network and can be controlled by this network.


K32W061 DK6

The K32W061 contact sensor example application provides a working demonstration of a connected contact sensor device, built using the Project CHIP codebase and the NXP K32W061 SDK. The example supports remote access (e.g.: using CHIP Tool from a mobile phone) and control of a simulated contact sensor over a low-power, 802.15.4 Thread network. It is capable of being paired into an existing Project CHIP network along with other Project CHIP-enabled devices.

The example targets the NXP K32W061 DK6 development kit, but is readily adaptable to other K32W-based hardware.

The CHIP device that runs the contact sensor application is controlled by the CHIP controller device over the Thread protocol. By default, the CHIP device has Thread disabled, and it should be paired over Bluetooth LE with the CHIP controller and obtain configuration from it. The actions required before establishing full communication are described below.

The example also comes with a test mode, which allows to start Thread with the default settings by pressing a button. However, this mode does not guarantee that the device will be able to communicate with the CHIP controller and other devices.

SE051H Secure Element

Deployment of this firmware configuration requires the K32W061 board setups using the K32W061 module board, SE051 Expansion board and Generic Expansion board as shown below:

SE051H  + K32W061 DK6

The SE051H Secure Element extension may be used for best in class security and offloading some of the Project CHIP cryptographic operations. Depending on your hardware configuration, choose one of the options below (building with or without Secure Element). NOTE: the SE051H is a derivative of the SE051 product family (see including dedicated CHIP support in addition to the SE051 feature set. See the material provided separately by NXP for more details on SE051H.

Bluetooth LE Advertising

In this example, to commission the device onto a Project CHIP network, it must be discoverable over Bluetooth LE. For security reasons, you must start Bluetooth LE advertising manually after powering up the device by pressing Button USERINTERFACE.

Bluetooth LE Rendezvous

In this example, the commissioning procedure (called rendezvous) is done over Bluetooth LE between a CHIP device and the CHIP controller, where the controller has the commissioner role.

To start the rendezvous, the controller must get the commissioning information from the CHIP device. The data payload is encoded within a QR code, printed to the UART console and shared using an NFC tag. For security reasons, you must start NFC tag emulation manually after powering up the device by pressing Button 4.

Thread Provisioning

Last part of the rendezvous procedure, the provisioning operation involves sending the Thread network credentials from the CHIP controller to the CHIP device. As a result, device is able to join the Thread network and communicate with other Thread devices in the network.

Device UI

The example application provides a simple UI that depicts the state of the device and offers basic user control. This UI is implemented via the general-purpose LEDs and buttons built in to the OM15082 Expansion board attached to the DK6 board.

LED D2 shows the overall state of the device and its connectivity. Four states are depicted:

  • Short Flash On (50ms on/950ms off) — The device is in an unprovisioned (unpaired) state and is waiting for a commissioning application to connect.
  • Rapid Even Flashing (100ms on/100ms off) — The device is in an unprovisioned state and a commissioning application is connected via BLE.
  • Short Flash Off (950ms on/50ms off) — The device is full provisioned, but does not yet have full network (Thread) or service connectivity.
  • Solid On — The device is fully provisioned and has full network and service connectivity.

LED D3 shows the state of the simulated lock bolt. When the LED is lit the bolt is extended (i.e. door locked); when not lit, the bolt is retracted (door unlocked). The LED will flash whenever the simulated bolt is in motion from one position to another.

Button SW2 can be used to reset the device to a default state. A short Press Button SW2 initiates a factory reset. After an initial period of 3 seconds, LED2 D2 and D3 will flash in unison to signal the pending reset. After 6 seconds will cause the device to reset its persistent configuration and initiate a reboot. The reset action can be cancelled by press SW2 button at any point before the 6 second limit.

Button SW3 can be used to change the state of the simulated bolt. This can be used to mimic a user manually operating the lock. The button behaves as a toggle, swapping the state every time it is pressed.

Button SW4 can be used for joining a predefined Thread network advertised by a Border Router. Default parameters for a Thread network are hard-coded and are being used if this button is pressed.

The remaining two LEDs (D1/D4) and button (SW1) are unused.

Directly on the development board, Button USERINTERFACE can be used for enabling Bluetooth LE advertising for a predefined period of time. Also, pushing this button starts the NFC emulation by writing the onboarding information in the NTAG.

No expansion board

In case the OM15082 Expansion board is not attached to the DK6 board, the functionality of LED D2 and LED D3 is taken over by LED DS2, respectively LED DS3, which can be found on the DK6 board.

Also, by long pressing the USERINTERFACE button, the factory reset action will be initiated.


In order to build the Project CHIP example, we recommend using a Linux distribution (the demo-application was compiled on Ubuntu 20.04).

  • Download K32W0 SDK 2.6.7.

  • Start building the application either with Secure Element or without

    • without Secure Element
    user@ubuntu:~/Desktop/git/connectedhomeip$ export NXP_K32W0_SDK_ROOT=/home/user/Desktop/SDK_2_6_7_K32W061DK6/
    user@ubuntu:~/Desktop/git/connectedhomeip$ ./third_party/nxp/k32w0_sdk/sdk_fixes/
    user@ubuntu:~/Desktop/git/connectedhomeip$ source ./scripts/
    user@ubuntu:~/Desktop/git/connectedhomeip$ cd examples/contact-sensor-app/nxp/k32w/k32w0
    user@ubuntu:~/Desktop/git/connectedhomeip/examples/contact-sensor-app/nxp/k32w/k32w0$ gn gen out/debug --args="k32w0_sdk_root=\"${NXP_K32W0_SDK_ROOT}\" chip_with_OM15082=1 chip_with_ot_cli=0 is_debug=false chip_crypto=\"tinycrypt\" chip_with_se05x=0 chip_pw_tokenizer_logging=true mbedtls_repo=\"//third_party/connectedhomeip/third_party/nxp/libs/mbedtls\""
    user@ubuntu:~/Desktop/git/connectedhomeip/examples/contact-sensor-app/nxp/k32w/k32w0$ ninja -C out/debug
    user@ubuntu:~/Desktop/git/connectedhomeip/examples/contact-sensor-app/nxp/k32w/k32w0$ $NXP_K32W0_SDK_ROOT/tools/imagetool/ out/debug/
    • with Secure element Exactly the same steps as above but set chip_with_se05x=1 in the gn command and add argument chip_enable_ota_requestor=false

Note that option chip_enable_ota_requestor=false are required for building with Secure Element. These can be changed if building without Secure Element

-   for K32W041AM flavor:
    Exactly the same steps as above but set build_for_k32w041am=1 in the gn command.
    Also, select the K32W041AM SDK from the SDK Builder.

Also, in case the OM15082 Expansion Board is not attached to the DK6 board, the build argument (chip_with_OM15082) inside the gn build instruction should be set to zero. The argument chip_with_OM15082 is set to zero by default.

In case that Openthread CLI is needed, chip_with_ot_cli build argument must be set to 1.

In case signing errors are encountered when running the “” script install the recommanded packages (python version > 3, pip3, pycrypto, pycryptodome):

user@ubuntu:~$ python3 --version
Python 3.8.2
user@ubuntu:~$ pip3 --version
pip 20.0.2 from /usr/lib/python3/dist-packages/pip (python 3.8)
user@ubuntu:~$ pip3 list | grep -i pycrypto
pycrypto               2.6.1
pycryptodome           3.9.8

The resulting output file can be found in out/debug/chip-k32w0x-contact-example.

Known issues

  • When using Secure element and cross-compiling on Linux, log messages from the Plug&Trust middleware stack may not echo to the console.

Manufacturing data

See Guide for writing manufacturing data on NXP devices.

Flashing and debugging

Program the firmware using the official OpenThread Flash Instructions.

All you have to do is to replace the Openthread binaries from the above documentation with out/debug/chip-k32w0x-light-example.bin if DK6Programmer is used or with out/debug/chip-k32w0x-light-example if MCUXpresso is used.

Pigweed tokenizer

The tokenizer is a pigweed module that allows hashing the strings. This greatly reduces the flash needed for logs. The module can be enabled by building with the gn argument chip_pw_tokenizer_logging=true. The detokenizer script is needed for parsing the hashed scripts.

Detokenizer script

The python3 script is a script that decodes the tokenized logs either from a file or from a serial port. It is located in the following path examples/platform/nxp/k32w/k32w0/scripts/

The script can be used in the following ways:

usage: serial [-h] -i INPUT -d DATABASE [-o OUTPUT]
usage: file [-h] -i INPUT -d DATABASE -o OUTPUT

The first parameter is either serial or file and it selects between decoding from a file or from a serial port.

The second parameter is -i INPUT and it must se set to the path of the file or the serial to decode from.

The third parameter is -d DATABASE and represents the path to the token database to be used for decoding. The default path is out/debug/chip-k32w0x-contact-example-database.bin after a successful build.

The forth parameter is -o OUTPUT and it represents the path to the output file where the decoded logs will be stored. This parameter is required for file usage and optional for serial usage. If not provided when used with serial port, it will show the decoded log only at the stdout and not save it to file.


The token database is created automatically after building the binary if the argument chip_pw_tokenizer_logging=true was used.

The detokenizer script must be run inside the example's folder after a successful run of the scripts/ script. The pw_tokenizer module used by the script is loaded by the environment. An example of running the detokenizer script to see logs of a contact-sensor app:

python3 ../../../../../examples/platform/nxp/k32w/k32w0/scripts/ serial -i /dev/ttyACM0 -d out/debug/chip-k32w0x-contact-example-database.bin -o device.txt

Known issues

The building process will not update the token database if it already exists. In case that new strings are added and the database already exists in the output folder, it must be deleted so that it will be recreated at the next build.

Not all tokens will be decoded. This is due to a gcc/pw_tokenizer issue. The pw_tokenizer creates special elf sections using attributes where the tokens and strings will be stored. This sections will be used by the database creation script. For template C++ functions, gcc ignores these attributes and places all the strings by default in the .rodata section. As a result the database creation script won't find them in the special-created sections.

If run, closed and rerun with the serial option on the same serial port, the detokenization script will get stuck and not show any logs. The solution is to unplug and plug the board and then rerun the script.

Tinycrypt ECC operations

Building steps

Note: This solution is temporary.

In order to use the tinycrypt ecc operations, use the following build arguments:

  • Build without Secure element (chip_with_se05x=0), with tinycrypt enabled (chip_crypto="tinycrypt") and with the NXPmicro/mbedtls library (mbedtls_repo=\"//third_party/connectedhomeip/third_party/nxp/libs/mbedtls\").

To disable tinycrypt ecc operations, simply build with chip_crypto="mbedtls" and with or without mbedtls_repo. If used with mbedtls_repo the mbedtls implementation from NXPmicro/mbedtls library will be used.


The internal flash needs to be prepared for the OTA process. First 16K of the internal flash needs to be populated with a Secondary Stage Bootloader (SSBL) related data while the last 8.5K of flash space is holding image directory related data (PSECT). The space between these two zones will be filled by the application.

Writing the SSBL

The SSBL can ge generated from one of the SDK demo examples. The SDK demo example needs to be compiled inside MCUXpresso with the define PDM_EXT_FLASH. The SSBL demo application can be imported from the Quickstart panel: Import SDK example(s) -> select wireless->framework->ssbl application.

SSBL Application Select

The SSBL project must be compiled using the PDM_EXT_FLASH define.


Once compiled, the required ssbl file is called k32w061dk6_ssbl.bin


Before writing the SSBL, it it recommanded to fully erase the internal flash:

DK6Programmer.exe -V 5 -P 1000000 -s <COM_PORT> -e Flash

k32w061dk6_ssbl.bin must be written at address 0 in the internal flash:

DK6Programmer.exe -V2 -s <COM_PORT> -P 1000000 -Y -p FLASH@0x00="k32w061dk6_ssbl.bin"

Writing the PSECT

First, image directory 0 must be written:

DK6Programmer.exe -V5 -s <COM port> -P 1000000 -w image_dir_0=0000000010000000

Here is the interpretation of the fields:

00000000 -> start address 0x00000000
1000     -> size = 0x0010 pages of 512-bytes (= 8kB)
00       -> not bootable (only used by the SSBL to support SSBL update)
00       -> SSBL Image Type

Second, image directory 1 must be written:

DK6Programmer.exe -V5 -s <COM port> -P 1000000 -w image_dir_1=00400000C9040101

Here is the interpretation of the fields:

00400000 -> start address 0x00004000
CD04     -> 0x4C9 pages of 512-bytes (= 612,5kB)
01       -> bootable flag
01       -> image type for the application

Writing the application

DK6Programmer can be used for flashing the application:

DK6Programmer.exe -V2 -s <COM_PORT> -P 1000000 -Y -p FLASH@0x4000="chip-k32w0x-light-example.bin"

If debugging is needed, MCUXpresso can be used then for flashing the application. Please make sure that the application is written at address 0x4000:


OTA Testing

The OTA topology used for OTA testing is illustrated in the figure below. Topology is similar with the one used for Matter Test Events.


The concept for OTA is the next one:

  • there is an OTA Provider Application that holds the OTA image. In our case, this is a Linux application running on an Ubuntu based-system;
  • the OTA Requestor functionality is embedded inside the Lighting Application. It will be used for requesting OTA blocks from the OTA Provider;
  • the controller (a linux application called chip-tool) will be used for commissioning both the device and the OTA Provider App. The device will be commissioned using the standard Matter flow (BLE + IEEE 802.15.4) while the OTA Provider Application will be commissioned using the onnetwork option of chip-tool;
  • during commissioning, each device is assigned a node id by the chip-tool (can be specified manually by the user). Using the node id of the device and of the lighting application, chip-tool triggers the OTA transfer by invoking the announce-ota-provider command - basically, the OTA Requestor is informed of the node id of the OTA Provider Application.

Computer #1 can be any system running an Ubuntu distribution. We recommand using TE 7.5 instructions from here, where RPi 4 are proposed. Also, TE 7.5 instructions document point to the OS/Docker images that should be used on the RPis. For compatibility reasons, we recommand compiling chip-tool and OTA Provider applications with the same commit id that was used for compiling the Lighting Application. Also, please note that there is a single controller (chip-tool) running on Computer #1 which is used for commissioning both the device and the OTA Provider Application. If needed, these instructions could be used for connecting the RPis to WiFi.

Build the Linux OTA provider application:

user@computer1:~/connectedhomeip$ : ./scripts/examples/ examples/ota-provider-app/linux out/ota-provider-app chip_config_network_layer_ble=false

Build OTA image and start the OTA Provider Application:

user@computer1:~/connectedhomeip$ : ./src/app/ create -v 0xDEAD -p 0xBEEF -vn 1 -vs "1.0" -da sha256 chip-k32w0x-light-example.bin chip-k32w0x-light-example.ota
user@computer1:~/connectedhomeip$ : rm -rf /tmp/chip_*
user@computer1:~/connectedhomeip$ : ./out/ota-provider-app/chip-ota-provider-app -f chip-k32w0x-light-example.ota

Build Linux chip-tool:

user@computer1:~/connectedhomeip$ : ./scripts/examples/ examples/chip-tool out/chip-tool-app

Provision the OTA provider application and assign node id 1. Also, grant ACL entries to allow OTA requestors:

user@computer1:~/connectedhomeip$ : rm -rf /tmp/chip_*
user@computer1:~/connectedhomeip$ : ./out/chip-tool-app/chip-tool pairing onnetwork 1 20202021
user@computer1:~/connectedhomeip$ : ./out/chip-tool-app/chip-tool accesscontrol write acl '[{"fabricIndex": 1, "privilege": 5, "authMode": 2, "subjects": [112233], "targets": null}, {"fabricIndex": 1, "privilege": 3, "authMode": 2, "subjects": null, "targets": null}]' 1 0

Provision the device and assign node id 2:

user@computer1:~/connectedhomeip$ : ./out/chip-tool-app/chip-tool pairing ble-thread 2 hex:<operationalDataset> 20202021   3840

Start the OTA process:

user@computer1:~/connectedhomeip$ : ./out/chip-tool-app/chip-tool otasoftwareupdaterequestor announce-ota-provider 1 0 0 0 2 0

Known issues

  • SRP cache on the openthread border router needs to flushed each time a new commissioning process is attempted. For this, factory reset the device, then execute ot-ctl server disable followed by ot-ctl server enable. After this step, the commissioning process of the device can start;
  • Due to some MDNS issues, the commissioning of the OTA Provider Application may fail. Please make sure that the SRP cache is disabled (ot-ctl srp server disable) on the openthread border router while commissioning the OTA Provider Application;
  • No other Docker image should be running (e.g.: Docker image needed by Test Harness) except the OTBR one. A docker image can be killed using the command:
user@computer1:~/connectedhomeip$ : sudo docker kill $container_id
  • In order to avoid MDNS issues, only one interface should be active at one time. E.g.: if WiFi is used then disable the Ethernet interface and also disable multicast on that interface:
user@computer1:~/connectedhomeip$ sudo ip link set dev eth0 down
user@computer1:~/connectedhomeip$ sudo ifconfig eth0 -multicast
  • If OTBR Docker image is used, then the “-B” parameter should point to the interface used for the backbone.

  • If Wi-Fi is used on a RPI4, then a 5Ghz network should be selected. Otherwise, issues related to BLE-WiFi combo may appear.

Low power

The example also offers the possibility to run in low power mode. This means that the board will go in a deep power down mode most of the time and the power consumption will be very low.

In order build with low power support, the chip_with_low_power=1 must be provided to the build system. In this case, please note that the GN build arguments chipwith_OM15082 and _chip_with_ot_cli must be set to 0.

In order to maintain a low power consumption, the LEDs showing the state of the elock and the internal state are disabled. Console logs can be used instead. Also, please note that once the board is flashed with MCUXpresso the debugger disconnects because the board enters low power.

Power Measurement Tool can be used inside MCUXpresso for checking the power consumption pattern: Window -> Show View -> Other -> Power Measurement Tool. The configuration for this tool is the next one:


Also, please make sure that the J14 jumper is set to the ENABLED position and no expansion board is attached to the DK6. A view from this tool is illustrated below:


Please note that that the Power Measurement Tool is not very accurate and professional tools must be used if exact power consumption needs to be known.

Known issues

  • Power Measurement Tool may not work correctly in MCUXpresso versions greater that 11.0.1.