tree: 84b3df0629b21eff787e2c6622a43bbb1b9f4448 [path history] [tgz]
  1. go/
  2. .gitignore
  4. add_person.dart
  7. addressbook.proto
  8. BUILD.bazel
  9. CMakeLists.txt
  11. list_people.dart
  14. Makefile
  15. pubspec.yaml

Protocol Buffers - Code Example

This directory contains example code that uses Protocol Buffers to manage an address book. Two programs are provided for each supported language. The add_person example adds a new person to an address book, prompting the user to input the person's information. The list_people example lists people already in the address book. The examples use the exact same format in all three languages, so you can, for example, use add_person_java to create an address book and then use list_people_python to read it.

These examples are part of the Protocol Buffers tutorial, located at:

Build the example using bazel

The example requires bazel 0.5.4 or newer to build. You can download/install the latest version of bazel from bazel's release page:

Once you have bazel installed, simply run the following command in this examples directory to build the code:

$ bazel build :all

Then you can run the built binary:

$ bazel-bin/add_person_cpp

To use protobuf in your own bazel project, please follow instructions in the BUILD file and WORKSPACE file.

Build the example using make

You must install the protobuf package before you can build it using make. The minimum requirement is to install protocol compiler (i.e., the protoc binary) and the protobuf runtime for the language you want to build.

You can simply run “make” to build the example for all languages (except for Go). However, since different language has different installation requirement, it will likely fail. It's better to follow individual instructions below to build only the language you are interested in.


You can follow instructions in ../src/ to install protoc and protobuf C++ runtime from source.

Then run “make cpp” in this examples directory to build the C++ example. It will create two executables: add_person_cpp and list_people_cpp. These programs simply take an address book file as their parameter. The add_person_cpp programs will create the file if it doesn't already exist.

To run the examples:

$ ./add_person_cpp
$ ./list_people_cpp

Note that on some platforms you may have to edit the Makefile and remove “-lpthread” from the linker commands (perhaps replacing it with something else). We didn't do this automatically because we wanted to keep the example simple.


Follow instructions in ../ to install protoc and then follow ../python/ to install protobuf python runtime from source. You can also install python runtime using pip:

$ pip install protobuf

Make sure the runtime version is the same as protoc binary, or it may not work.

After you have install both protoc and python runtime, run “make python” to build two executables (shell scripts actually): add_person_python and list_people_python. They work the same way as the C++ executables.


Follow instructions in ../ to install protoc and then download protobuf Java runtime .jar file from maven:

Then run the following:

$ export CLASSPATH=/path/to/protobuf-java-[version].jar
$ make java

This will create the add_person_java/list_people_java executables (shell scripts) and can be used to create/display an address book data file.


Follow instructions in ../ to install protoc. Then install the Go protoc plugin (protoc-gen-go):

$ go install

The “go install” command will install protoc-gen-go into the GOBIN directory. You can set the $GOBIN environment variable before running “go install” to change the install location. Make sure the install directory is in your shell $PATH.

Build the Go samples with “make go”. This creates the following executable files in the current directory:

add_person_go      list_people_go

To run the example:


to add a person to the protocol buffer encoded file The file is created if it does not exist. To view the data, run:


Observe that the C++, Python, Java, and Dart examples in this directory run in a similar way and can view/modify files created by the Go example and vice versa.


First, follow the instructions in ../ to install the Protocol Buffer Compiler (protoc).

Then, install the Dart Protocol Buffer plugin as described here. Note, the executable bin/protoc-gen-dart must be in your PATH for protoc to find it.

Build the Dart samples in this directory with make dart.

To run the examples:

$ dart add_person.dart
$ dart list_people.dart

The two programs take a protocol buffer encoded file as their parameter. The first can be used to add a person to the file. The file is created if it does not exist. The second displays the data in the file.