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<div id="projectname">lwIP
&#160;<span id="projectnumber">2.1.2</span>
<div id="projectbrief">Lightweight IP stack</div>
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<div class="title">Upgrading </div> </div>
<div class="contents">
<div class="textblock"><pre class="fragment">This file lists major changes between release versions that require
ports or applications to be changed. Use it to update a port or an
application written for an older version of lwIP to correctly work
with newer versions.
(git master)
* [Enter new changes just after this line - do not remove this line]
++ Application changes:
* Use the new altcp API for seamless TLS integration into existing TCP applications (see changelog)
* TCP only kills existing connections with a LOWER priority than the one currently being opened.
Previous implementations also kill existing connections of the SAME priority.
* ip4_route_src: parameter order is reversed: ip4_route_src(dest, src) -&gt; ip4_route_src(src, dest)
to make parameter order consistent with other ip*_route*() functions.
Same also applies to LWIP_HOOK_IP4_ROUTE_SRC() parameter order.
* pbuf API: pbuf-&gt;type (an u8_t holding the enum 'pbuf_type') has changed to only hold a
description of the pbuf (e.g. data following pbuf struct, data volatile, allocation
source heap/pool/etc.). As a consequence, applications can't test pbuf-&gt;type any more.
Use pbuf_match_type(pbuf, type) instead.
* socket API: according to the standard, SO_ERROR now only returns asynchronous errors.
All other/normal/synchronous errors are (and always were) available via 'errno'.
LWIP_SOCKET_SET_ERRNO has been removed - 'errno' is always set - and required!
* httpd LWIP_HTTPD_CGI_SSI: httpd_cgi_handler() has an additional parameter "struct fs_file *"
++ Port changes:
* tcpip_trycallback() was renamed to tcpip_callbackmsg_trycallback() to avoid confusion
with tcpip_try_callback()
* compatibility headers: moved from 'src/include/posix' to 'src/include/compat/posix',
'src/include/compat/stdc' etc.
* The IPv6 implementation now supports address scopes. (See LWIP_IPV6_SCOPES documentation
and ip6_zone.h for more documentation)
* LWIP_HOOK_DHCP_APPEND_OPTIONS() has changed, see description in opt.h (options_out_len is not
available in struct dhcp any more)
* Added debug helper asserts to ensure threading/locking requirements are met (define
* Added sys_mbox_trypost_fromisr() and tcpip_callbackmsg_trycallback_fromisr()
These can be used to post preallocated messages from an ISR to the tcpip thread
(e.g. when using FreeRTOS)
++ Application changes:
* slipif: The way to pass serial port number has changed. netif-&gt;num is not
supported any more, netif-&gt;state is interpreted as an u8_t port number now
(it's not a POINTER to an u8_t any more!)
++ Application changes:
* UDP does NOT receive multicast traffic from ALL netifs on an UDP PCB bound to a specific
netif any more. Users need to bind to IP_ADDR_ANY to receive multicast traffic and compare
ip_current_netif() to the desired netif for every packet.
See bug #49662 for an explanation.
++ Application changes:
* Changed netif "up" flag handling to be an administrative flag (as opposed to the previous meaning of
"ip4-address-valid", a netif will now not be used for transmission if not up) -&gt; even a DHCP netif
has to be set "up" before starting the DHCP client
* Added IPv6 support (dual-stack or IPv4/IPv6 only)
* Changed ip_addr_t to be a union in dual-stack mode (use ip4_addr_t where referring to IPv4 only).
* Major rewrite of SNMP (added MIB parser that creates code stubs for custom MIBs);
supports SNMPv2c (experimental v3 support)
* Moved some core applications from contrib repository to src/apps (and include/lwip/apps)
+++ Raw API:
* Changed TCP listen backlog: removed tcp_accepted(), added the function pair tcp_backlog_delayed()/
tcp_backlog_accepted() to explicitly delay backlog handling on a connection pcb
+++ Socket API:
* Added an implementation for posix sendmsg()
* Added LWIP_FIONREAD_LINUXMODE that makes ioctl/FIONREAD return the size of the next pending datagram
++ Port changes
+++ new files:
* MANY new and moved files!
* Added src/ for use in Makefile projects
* Continued moving stack-internal parts from abc.h to abc_priv.h in sub-folder "priv"
to let abc.h only contain the actual application programmer's API
+++ sys layer:
* Made LWIP_TCPIP_CORE_LOCKING==1 the default as it usually performs better than
the traditional message passing (although with LWIP_COMPAT_MUTEX you are still
open to priority inversion, so this is not recommended any more)
* Added LWIP_NETCONN_SEM_PER_THREAD to use one "op_completed" semaphore per thread
instead of using one per netconn (these semaphores are used even with core locking
enabled as some longer lasting functions like big writes still need to delay)
* Added generalized abstraction for itoa(), strnicmp(), stricmp() and strnstr()
in def.h (to be overridden in cc.h) instead of config
options for netbiosns, httpd, dns, etc. ...
* New abstraction for hton* and ntoh* functions in def.h.
To override them, use the following in cc.h:
#define lwip_htons(x) &lt;your_htons&gt;
#define lwip_htonl(x) &lt;your_htonl&gt;
+++ new options:
+++ new pools:
* Added LWIP_MEMPOOL_* (declare/init/alloc/free) to declare private memp pools
that share memp.c code but do not have to be made global via lwippools.h
* Added pools for IPv6, MPU_COMPATIBLE, dns-api, netif-api, etc.
* added hook LWIP_HOOK_MEMP_AVAILABLE() to get informed when a memp pool was empty and an item
is now available
* Signature of LWIP_HOOK_VLAN_SET macro was changed
* LWIP_DECLARE_MEMORY_ALIGNED() may be used to declare aligned memory buffers (mem/memp)
or to move buffers to dedicated memory using compiler attributes
* Standard C headers are used to define sized types and printf formatters
(disable by setting LWIP_NO_STDINT_H=1 or LWIP_NO_INTTYPES_H=1 if your compiler
does not support these)
++ Major bugfixes/improvements
* Added IPv6 support (dual-stack or IPv4/IPv6 only)
* Major rewrite of PPP (incl. keep-up with apache pppd)
see doc/ppp.txt for an upgrading how-to
* Major rewrite of SNMP (incl. MIB parser)
* Fixed timing issues that might have lead to losing a DHCP lease
* Made rx processing path more robust against crafted errors
* TCP window scaling support
* modification of api modules to support FreeRTOS-MPU (don't pass stack-pointers to other threads)
* made DNS client more robust
* support PBUF_REF for RX packets
* LWIP_NETCONN_FULLDUPLEX allows netconn/sockets to be used for reading/writing from separate
threads each (needs LWIP_NETCONN_SEM_PER_THREAD)
* Moved and reordered stats (mainly memp/mib2)
++ Application changes:
* Replaced struct ip_addr by typedef ip_addr_t (struct ip_addr is kept for
compatibility to old applications, but will be removed in the future).
* Renamed mem_realloc() to mem_trim() to prevent confusion with realloc()
+++ Raw API:
* Changed the semantics of tcp_close() (since it was rather a
shutdown before): Now the application does *NOT* get any calls to the recv
callback (aside from NULL/closed) after calling tcp_close()
* When calling tcp_abort() from a raw API TCP callback function,
make sure you return ERR_ABRT to prevent accessing unallocated memory.
(ERR_ABRT now means the applicaiton has called tcp_abort!)
+++ Netconn API:
* Changed netconn_receive() and netconn_accept() to return
err_t, not a pointer to new data/netconn.
+++ Socket API:
* LWIP_SO_RCVTIMEO: when accept() or recv() time out, they
* Added a minimal version of posix fctl() to have a
standardised way to set O_NONBLOCK for nonblocking sockets.
+++ all APIs:
* correctly implemented SO(F)_REUSEADDR
++ Port changes
+++ new files:
* Added 4 new files: def.c, timers.c, timers.h, tcp_impl.h:
* Moved stack-internal parts of tcp.h to tcp_impl.h, tcp.h now only contains
the actual application programmer's API
* Separated timer implementation from sys.h/.c, moved to timers.h/.c;
Added timer implementation for NO_SYS==1, set NO_SYS_NO_TIMERS==1 if you
still want to use your own timer implementation for NO_SYS==0 (as before).
+++ sys layer:
* Converted mbox- and semaphore-functions to take pointers to sys_mbox_t/
* Converted sys_mbox_new/sys_sem_new to take pointers and return err_t;
* Added Mutex concept in sys_arch (define LWIP_COMPAT_MUTEX to let sys.h use
binary semaphores instead of mutexes - as before)
+++ new options:
* Don't waste memory when chaining segments, added option TCP_OVERSIZE to
prevent creating many small pbufs when calling tcp_write with many small
blocks of data. Instead, pbufs are allocated larger than needed and the
space is used for later calls to tcp_write.
* Added LWIP_NETIF_TX_SINGLE_PBUF to always copy to try to create single pbufs
in tcp_write/udp_send.
* Added an additional option LWIP_ETHERNET to support ethernet without ARP
(necessary for pure PPPoE)
* Add MEMP_SEPARATE_POOLS to place memory pools in separate arrays. This may
be used to place these pools into user-defined memory by using external
+++ new pools:
* Netdb uses a memp pool for allocating memory when getaddrinfo() is called,
so MEMP_NUM_NETDB has to be set accordingly.
* DNS_LOCAL_HOSTLIST_IS_DYNAMIC uses a memp pool instead of the heap, so
MEMP_NUM_LOCALHOSTLIST has to be set accordingly.
* Snmp-agent uses a memp pools instead of the heap, so MEMP_NUM_SNMP_* have
to be set accordingly.
* PPPoE uses a MEMP pool instead of the heap, so MEMP_NUM_PPPOE_INTERFACES
has to be set accordingly
* Integrated loopif into netif.c - loopif does not have to be created by the
port any more, just define LWIP_HAVE_LOOPIF to 1.
* Added define LWIP_RAND() for lwip-wide randomization (needs to be defined
in cc.h, e.g. used by igmp)
* Added printf-formatter X8_F to printf u8_t as hex
* The heap now may be moved to user-defined memory by defining
LWIP_RAM_HEAP_POINTER as a void pointer to that memory's address
* added autoip_set_struct() and dhcp_set_struct() to let autoip and dhcp work
with user-allocated structs instead of calling mem_malloc
* Added const char* name to mem- and memp-stats for easier debugging.
* Calculate the TCP/UDP checksum while copying to only fetch data once:
Define LWIP_CHKSUM_COPY to a memcpy-like function that returns the checksum
* Added SO_REUSE_RXTOALL to pass received UDP broadcast/multicast packets to
more than one pcb.
* Changed the semantics of ARP_QUEUEING==0: ARP_QUEUEING now cannot be turned
off any more, if this is set to 0, only one packet (the most recent one) is
queued (like demanded by RFC 1122).
++ Major bugfixes/improvements
* Implemented tcp_shutdown() to only shut down one end of a connection
* Implemented shutdown() at socket- and netconn-level
* Added errorset support to select() + improved select speed overhead
* Merged pppd to v2.3.11 (including some backported bugfixes from 2.4.x)
* Added timer implementation for NO_SYS==1 (may be disabled with NO_SYS_NO_TIMERS==1
* Use macros defined in ip_addr.h to work with IP addresses
* Implemented many nonblocking socket/netconn functions
* Fixed ARP input processing: only add a new entry if a request was directed as us
* mem_realloc() to mem_trim() to prevent confusion with realloc()
* Some improvements for AutoIP (don't route/forward link-local addresses, don't break
existing connections when assigning a routable address)
* Correctly handle remote side overrunning our rcv_wnd in ooseq case
* Removed packing from ip_addr_t, the packed version is now only used in protocol headers
* Corrected PBUF_POOL_BUFSIZE for ports where ETH_PAD_SIZE &gt; 0
* Added support for static ARP table entries
* initial version of this file
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