blob: a418f58af475f5ad741ceda5ae3504263fb95a9f [file] [log] [blame]
.. _module-pw_blob_store:
``pw_blob_store`` is a storage container library for storing a single blob of
data. ``BlobStore`` is a flash-backed persistent storage system with integrated
data integrity checking that serves as a lightweight alternative to a file
Most operations on a ``BlobStore`` are done using ``BlobReader`` and
``BlobWriter`` objects that have been constructed using a ``BlobStore``. Though
a ``BlobStore`` may have multiple open ``BlobReader`` objects, no other
readers/writers may be active if a ``BlobWriter`` is opened on a blob store.
The data state of a blob can be checked using the ``HasData()`` method.
The method returns true if the blob is currenty valid and has at least one data
byte. This allows checking if a blob has stored data without needing to
instantiate and open a reader or writer.
Write buffer
BlobStore uses a write buffer to allow writes smaller than and/or unaligned to
the flash write aligment. BlobStore also supports using the write buffer for
deferred writes that can be enqueued and written to flash at a later time or by
a different thread/context.
BlobStore can be used with a zero-size write buffer to reduce memory
requirements. When using zero-size write buffer, the user is required to write
maintain write sizes that are a multiple of the flash write size the blob is
configured for.
If a non-zero sized write buffer is used, the write buffer size must be a
multiple of the flash write size.
Writing to a BlobStore
``BlobWriter`` objects are ``pw::stream::Writer`` compatible, but do not support
reading any of the blob's contents. Opening a ``BlobWriter`` on a ``BlobStore``
that contains data will discard any existing data if ``Discard()``, ``Write
()``, or ``Erase()`` are called. There is currently no mechanism to allow
appending to existing data.
.. code-block:: cpp
BlobStore::BlobWriterWithBuffer writer(my_blob_store);
// ...
// A close is implied when a BlobWriter is destroyed. Manually closing a
// BlobWriter enables error handling on Close() failure.
Erasing a BlobStore
There are two distinctly different mechanisms to "erase" the contents of a BlobStore:
#. ``Discard()``: Discards any ongoing writes and ensures ``BlobReader`` objects
see the ``BlobStore`` as empty. This is the fastest way to logically erase a
#. ``Erase()``: Performs an explicit flash erase of the ``BlobStore``'s
underlying partition. This is useful for manually controlling when a flash
erase is performed before a ``BlobWriter`` starts to write data (as flash
erase operations may be time-consuming).
Naming a BlobStore's contents
Data in a ``BlobStore`` May be named similarly to a file. This enables
identification of a BlobStore's contents in cases where different data may be
stored to a shared blob store. This requires an additional RAM buffer that can
be used to encode the BlobStore's KVS metadata entry. Calling
``MaxFileNameLength()`` on a ``BlobWriter`` will provide the max file name
length based on the ``BlobWriter``'s metadata encode buffer size.
``SetFileName()`` performs a copy of the provided file name, meaning it's safe
for the ``std::string_view`` to be invalidated after the function returns.
.. code-block:: cpp
constexpr size_t kMaxFileNameLength = 48;
BlobStore::BlobWriterWithBuffer<kMaxFileNameLength> writer(my_blob_store);
// ...
Reading from a BlobStore
A ``BlobStore`` may have multiple open ``BlobReader`` objects. No other
readers/writers may be open/active if a ``BlobWriter`` is opened on a blob
0) Create BlobReader instance
1) BlobReader::Open().
2) Read data using BlobReader::Read() or
BlobReader::GetMemoryMappedBlob(). BlobReader is seekable. Use
BlobReader::Seek() to read from a desired offset.
3) BlobReader::Close().
FileSystem RPC integration
``pw_blob_store`` provides an optional ``FileSystemEntry`` implementation for
use with ``pw_file``'s ``FlatFileSystemService``. This simplifies the process of
enumerating ``BlobStore`` objects as files via ``pw_file``'s ``FileSystem`` RPC
Size report
The following size report showcases the memory usage of the blob store.
.. include:: blob_size
.. note::
The documentation for this module is currently incomplete.