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FreeRTOS V5.4.2 - Copyright (C) 2009 Real Time Engineers Ltd.
This file is part of the FreeRTOS distribution.
FreeRTOS is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the terms of the GNU General Public License (version 2) as published by the
Free Software Foundation and modified by the FreeRTOS exception.
**NOTE** The exception to the GPL is included to allow you to distribute a
combined work that includes FreeRTOS without being obliged to provide the
source code for proprietary components outside of the FreeRTOS kernel.
Alternative commercial license and support terms are also available upon
request. See the licensing section of for full
license details.
FreeRTOS is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
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FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for
more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
with FreeRTOS; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59
Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA.
* *
* Looking for a quick start? Then check out the FreeRTOS eBook! *
* See for details *
* *
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* Creates all the demo application tasks, then starts the scheduler. The WEB
* documentation provides more details of the demo application tasks.
* This demo is configured to execute on the ES449 prototyping board from
* SoftBaugh. The ES449 has a built in LCD display and a single built in user
* LED. Therefore, in place of flashing an LED, the 'flash' and 'check' tasks
* toggle '*' characters on the LCD. The left most '*' represents LED 0, the
* next LED 1, etc.
* Main. c also creates a task called 'Check'. This only executes every three
* seconds but has the highest priority so is guaranteed to get processor time.
* Its main function is to check that all the other tasks are still operational.
* Each task that does not flash an LED maintains a unique count that is
* incremented each time the task successfully completes its function. Should
* any error occur within such a task the count is permanently halted. The
* 'check' task inspects the count of each task to ensure it has changed since
* the last time the check task executed. If all the count variables have
* changed all the tasks are still executing error free, and the check task
* toggles an LED with a three second period. Should any task contain an error
* at any time the LED toggle rate will increase to 500ms.
* Please read the documentation for the MSP430 port available on
/* Standard includes. */
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <signal.h>
/* Scheduler includes. */
#include "FreeRTOS.h"
#include "task.h"
/* Demo application includes. */
#include "partest.h"
#include "flash.h"
#include "integer.h"
#include "comtest2.h"
#include "PollQ.h"
/* Constants required for hardware setup. */
#define mainALL_BITS_OUTPUT ( ( unsigned portCHAR ) 0xff )
#define mainMAX_FREQUENCY ( ( unsigned portCHAR ) 121 )
/* Constants that define the LED's used by the various tasks. [in this case
the '*' characters on the LCD represent LED's] */
#define mainCHECK_LED ( 4 )
#define mainCOM_TEST_LED ( 10 )
/* Demo task priorities. */
#define mainCOM_TEST_PRIORITY ( tskIDLE_PRIORITY + 2 )
#define mainLED_TASK_PRIORITY ( tskIDLE_PRIORITY + 1 )
/* Baud rate used by the COM test tasks. */
#define mainCOM_TEST_BAUD_RATE ( ( unsigned portLONG ) 19200 )
/* The frequency at which the 'Check' tasks executes. See the comments at the
top of the page. When the system is operating error free the 'Check' task
toggles an LED every three seconds. If an error is discovered in any task the
rate is increased to 500 milliseconds. [in this case the '*' characters on the
LCD represent LED's]*/
#define mainNO_ERROR_CHECK_DELAY ( ( portTickType ) 3000 / portTICK_RATE_MS )
#define mainERROR_CHECK_DELAY ( ( portTickType ) 500 / portTICK_RATE_MS )
* The function that implements the Check task. See the comments at the head
* of the page for implementation details.
static void vErrorChecks( void *pvParameters );
* Called by the Check task. Returns pdPASS if all the other tasks are found
* to be operating without error - otherwise returns pdFAIL.
static portSHORT prvCheckOtherTasksAreStillRunning( void );
* Perform the hardware setup required by the ES449 in order to run the demo
* application.
static void prvSetupHardware( void );
/* Used to detect the idle hook function stalling. */
static volatile unsigned portLONG ulIdleLoops = 0UL;
* Start the demo application tasks - then start the real time scheduler.
int main( void )
/* Setup the hardware ready for the demo. */
/* Start the standard demo application tasks. */
vStartLEDFlashTasks( mainLED_TASK_PRIORITY );
vStartIntegerMathTasks( tskIDLE_PRIORITY );
vAltStartComTestTasks( mainCOM_TEST_PRIORITY, mainCOM_TEST_BAUD_RATE, mainCOM_TEST_LED - 1 );
vStartPolledQueueTasks( mainQUEUE_POLL_PRIORITY );
/* Start the 'Check' task which is defined in this file. */
xTaskCreate( vErrorChecks, "Check", configMINIMAL_STACK_SIZE, NULL, mainCHECK_TASK_PRIORITY, NULL );
/* Start the scheduler. */
/* As the scheduler has been started the demo applications tasks will be
executing and we should never get here! */
return 0;
static void vErrorChecks( void *pvParameters )
static volatile unsigned portLONG ulDummyVariable = 3UL;
portTickType xDelayPeriod = mainNO_ERROR_CHECK_DELAY;
/* Cycle for ever, delaying then checking all the other tasks are still
operating without error. */
for( ;; )
/* Wait until it is time to check again. The time we wait here depends
on whether an error has been detected or not. When an error is
detected the time is shortened resulting in a faster LED flash rate. */
vTaskDelay( xDelayPeriod );
/* Perform a bit of 32bit maths to ensure the registers used by the
integer tasks get some exercise outside of the integer tasks
themselves. The result here is not important we are just deliberately
changing registers used by other tasks to ensure that their context
switch is operating as required. - see the demo application
documentation for more info. */
ulDummyVariable *= 3UL;
/* See if the other tasks are all ok. */
if( prvCheckOtherTasksAreStillRunning() != pdPASS )
/* An error occurred in one of the tasks so shorten the delay
period - which has the effect of increasing the frequency of the
LED toggle. */
xDelayPeriod = mainERROR_CHECK_DELAY;
/* Flash! */
vParTestToggleLED( mainCHECK_LED );
static portSHORT prvCheckOtherTasksAreStillRunning( void )
static portSHORT sNoErrorFound = pdTRUE;
static unsigned portLONG ulLastIdleLoops = 0UL;
/* The demo tasks maintain a count that increments every cycle of the task
provided that the task has never encountered an error. This function
checks the counts maintained by the tasks to ensure they are still being
incremented. A count remaining at the same value between calls therefore
indicates that an error has been detected. Only tasks that do not flash
an LED are checked. */
if( xAreIntegerMathsTaskStillRunning() != pdTRUE )
sNoErrorFound = pdFALSE;
if( xAreComTestTasksStillRunning() != pdTRUE )
sNoErrorFound = pdFALSE;
if( xArePollingQueuesStillRunning() != pdTRUE )
sNoErrorFound = pdFALSE;
if( ulLastIdleLoops == ulIdleLoops )
sNoErrorFound = pdFALSE;
ulLastIdleLoops = ulIdleLoops;
return sNoErrorFound;
static void prvSetupHardware( void )
/* Stop the watchdog. */
/* Setup DCO+ for ( xtal * D * (N + 1) ) operation. */
/* X2 DCO frequency, 8MHz nominal DCO */
SCFI0 |= FN_4;
/* (121+1) x 32768 x 2 = 7.99 Mhz */
/* Setup the IO as per the SoftBaugh demo for the same target hardware. */
P1SEL = 0x32;
P2SEL = 0x00;
P3SEL = 0x00;
P4SEL = 0xFC;
P5SEL = 0xFF;
void vApplicationIdleHook( void );
void vApplicationIdleHook( void )
/* Simple put the CPU into lowpower mode. */
_BIS_SR( LPM3_bits );